DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20190744

Comorbidities associated with cerebral palsy in children presenting at department of Pediatrics, K. T. children hospital Rajkot, India

Mauli V. Raja, Palak T. Hapani

Abstract


Background: Cerebral palsy is a diagnostic term used to describe a group of motor syndromes resulting from disorder of early brain development. It describes a group of permanent disorders of the development of brain and posture causing activity limitation. The magnitude of cerebral palsy in our country is 2 to 2.5 per thousand live birth. The objective is to study co-morbidities associated in cerebral palsy patients.

Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional study carried out in KT Children Hospital, PDU Medical College, Rajkot for 1 year (April 2017-April 2018). Sample size: minimum 100 cases. Selection of subject: All the children suffering from cerebral palsy presenting at KT Children hospital, P.D.U. Medical college Rajkot, Gujarat. Cases were evaluated by history, clinical examination and necessary investigations.

Results: From data collected in present study most common variety of Cerebral Palsy is spastic type (72.5%) followed by, dyskinetic (16%), ataxic (7%), and hypotonic (4.5%) type. Within spastic type; diplegic (48%) is the most common variety. Caesarean section delivered cases are more predisposed to Cerebral palsy in present study which might be due to other risk factors associated with it. Gender and consanguinity showed not major significance in association with CP child. Most of Cerebral palsy cases in present study were born full term (81.5%) and of normal birth weight (78.5%). The most common comorbidities in present study were cognitive impairment (77%) followed by epilepsy (38%), visual impairment (10%), hearing disability (9%) thyroid dysfunction (3%) and G.I. disturbances (2%). Perinatal asphyxia is the most common history finding in Cerebral palsy cases including in present study, followed by seizures during infancy, pathological jaundice, neonatal sepsis and history of NICU admission for any cause.

Conclusions: Cerebral palsy in developing countries has a higher prevalence and different clinical profile regarding severity and associated disability. The perinatal and high-quality neonatal care together with physical therapy and rehabilitation programs have a significant role in preventing comorbidities in cerebral palsy cases, which is still lacking in developing countries.


Keywords


Ataxic, Cerebral palsy, Cognitive impairment, Comorbidity, Diplegic, Hypotonic, NICU care, Perinatal asphyxia, Spasticity

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