DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20190698

A qualitative study on experiences of mothers about control of diarrhoea of their children

Kanai Lal Barik, Uttam Kumar Paul

Abstract


Background: Diarrheal disease poses a significant problem to the health, wellbeing and survival of children of less than five-year age group and is the second leading cause of mortality.  Most of the deaths are due to dehydration and it can be preventable by proper and timely use of oral rehydration salt solution (ORS). There is lack of awareness among the mothers about the appropriate use of ORS during diarrhea of children. So, authors have tried to find out the experiences of the mothers about the management of diarrhea of their children.

Methods: The study is one of qualitative descriptive type involving 27 mothers of children who are suffering from diarrhoea in face to face in depth interviews (IDI).

Results: The mothers of children were within the age group of 21 to 34 years of age group. On the basis of qualitative data analysis, the present study shows the data related to childhood diarrhea can be classified under six themes. The themes are : 'Perception of the participant mothers about the diarrhea of their babies', 'Measures taken by the mothers to combat diarrhea at home', 'How Oral rehydration salt solution is applied by the mothers', 'How Oral rehydration salt solution is beneficial', 'How Oral rehydration salt solution is causing undesirable effects on the baby' and 'What additional measures taken to control diarrhea of the baby'.

Conclusions: There are several misconceptions and lack of awareness of the mothers about management of diarrhoea. However, it is possible to create awareness among them so that they can take all suitable measures to control diarrhoea.


Keywords


Diarrhoea, Experience, Mother, Qualitative study

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sood N, Wagner Z. Private sector provision of oral rehydration therapy for child diarrhea in Sub Saharan Africa. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.2014;90(5):939-44.

Spandorfer PR, Alessandrini EA, Joffe MD, Localio R, Shaw KN. Oral Versus Intravenous 2005;115:295-301.

Alelign T, Asegidew W, Abera A. A cross sectional study on the incidence and risk factors of diarrheal illness among children under-five years of age in Debre Berhan town, Ethiopia. J Health Med Econ. 2016;2(2).

Halder AK, Tronchet C, Akhter S, Bhuiya A, Johnston R, Luby SP. Observed hand cleanliness and other measures of handwashing behavior in rural Bangladesh. BMC Public Health. 2010;10(1):545.

Huffman SL, Combest C. Role of breast-feeding in the prevention and treatment of diarrhoea. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1990:68-81.

Njeru PM, Kariri JM, Murigi MW, Waweru HM, Muriithi FM. Management of diarrheal diseases among children under five years: a case study of mothers at Kakamega county, Kenya. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(8):2762-6.

Binder HJ, Brown I, Ramakrishna BS, Young GP. Oral rehydration therapy in the second decade of the twenty-first century. Current Gastroenterol Reports. 2014;16(3):376.

Yalew E. A qualitative study of community perceptions about childhood diarrhea and its management in Assosa District, West Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):975.

Njeru PM, Kariri JM, Murigi MW, Waweru HM, Muriithi FM. Management of diarrheal diseases among children under five years: a case study of mothers at Kakamega county, Kenya. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(8):2762-6.

Essomba NE, Koum DK, Adiogo D, Ngwe MI, Coppieters Y. Use of oral rehydration therapy in the treatment of childhood diarrhoea in Douala, Cameroon. Malawi Med J. 2015;27(2):60-4.

Sazawal S, Black RE, Bhan MK, Bhandari N, Sinha A, Jalla S. Zinc supplementation in young children with acute diarrhea in India. New England J Med. 1995;333(13):839-44.

Hoque KM, Sarker R, Guggino SE, Tse CM. A new insight into pathophysiological mechanisms of zinc in diarrhea. Annals New York Academy Sci. 2009;1165(1):279-84.