DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20192012

Clinical and imaging correlation of cerebral palsy: a retrospective study in a tertiary care centre

Swathi S. Sanjee, Chandrashekhara G. Shettigar, Santosh T. Soans

Abstract


Background: Cerebral Palsy is the most common chronic motor disorder of childhood. Clinical spectrum is different in developing and developed countries. Aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical profile, co-morbidities and the imaging correlate of children with CP.

Methods: Data was collected retrospectively from individual case records from March 2016 to October 2018. All children aged 2 years and above with clinical signs of cerebral palsy were included in the study.

Results: A total of 78 children had the diagnosis of cerebral palsy, out of which 63 cases were included which satisfied the inclusion criteria. Most of the children were born out of singleton pregnancy (90.4%). The mean gestational age was 36.94±1.48 weeks. Most common type of cerebral palsy noted in present study was spastic quadriplegic type (n=34) followed by diplegic type (n=14). Epilepsy was associated in 36.5% (n=23) of children, and most commonly associated with spastic quadriplegic type of cerebral palsy(n=16). Other associated abnormalities included mental retardation, speech, hearing, cognitive, and behavioral abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging was normal in 60.3% (n=38) of children and abnormal in 39.68% (n=25) of children. Diffuse cerebral atrophy was the most common abnormal finding (n=9). Other abnormal findings included periventricular leucomalacia, basal ganglia lesions, cortical/subcortical lesion, focal infarcts and miscellaneous lesions.

Conclusions: MRI helps in knowing the pathological basis of the disease, but clinical findings carry utmost importance. MRI positivity was seen in only 39.68% of cases. Hearing abnormalities being the most common association, proper screening tests and regular follow up is very essential.


Keywords


Cerebral palsy, Magnetic resonance imaging

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