DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20193740

Effectiveness of case scenario-based learning over didactic lectures on teaching pediatric infectious diseases to undergraduate medical students

Rehna T., Robin Joseph Abraham

Abstract


Background: Case scenario based learning offers an interactive approach in medical education. It can be either as case based or problem based. objectives of  This study compared the effectiveness of Case scenario based learning (CBL) over didactic lectures (DL) among final year part II M.B.B.S students. It also compared the student’s perception between the two methods.

Methods: This interventional study was done in the Department of Pediatrics, Al- Azhar Medical College, Kerala for a period of two months. The participants(n=120) were divided into two groups- A and B who had respectively attended three sessions of CBL and DL on Pediatric infectious diseases. A test was conducted at the end of each session and after 2 weeks in the form of SAQs. A questionnaire was given to the participants about their perception. The data was analysed in SPSS 16 using unpaired t test and Mann- Whitney U test.

Results: The mean exam scores for immediate tests were 26.04±1.9 and 19.47±2.8 for Batch A and Batch B respectively. The mean exam scores for the test conducted after two weeks showed significant result with 24.0±2.56 and 18.58±4.03 for Batch A and B respectively. Comparison of student’s perception on Likert’s scale about the teaching method yielded significant difference for CBL over DL with p<0.001.

Conclusions: Case scenario based learning is an innovative method which is sure to invoke more interest and academic excellence in medical students.


Keywords


Case scenario based learning, Didactic lectures, MBBS Students, Perception

Full Text:

PDF

References


Wood DF. ABC of learning and teaching in medicine Problem based learning. BMJ. 2003;326(7384):328.

Onyon C. Problem-based learning: a review of the educational and psychological theory. Clin Teach. 2012;9(1):22-6.

Kindley, Randall W. Scenario-based e-learning: a step beyond traditional e-learning. ASTD Magazine. Available at: http://www.astd.org. Accessed 29 October 2018.

Koh GC, Khoo HE, Wong ML, Koh D. The effects of problem-based learning during medical school on physician competency: a systematic review. CMAJ. 2008;178(1):34-41.

Kong LN, Qin B, Zhou YQ, Mou SY, Gao HM. The effectiveness of problem-based learning on development of nursing students’ critical thinking: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Nursing Studies. 2014;51(3):458-69.

Shin JH, Haynes RB, Johnston ME. Effect of problem based self-directed undergraduate education on lifelong learning. CMAJ. 1993;148:969-76.

Imran M, Shamsi MS, Singh A, Goel S, Sharma P, Panesar S. Problem-based learning versus lecture-based learning in pharmacology in a junior doctor teaching program: a crossover study from northern India. Int J of Research in Medical Sciences. 2015;3(11):3296-9.

Shin SJH, Haynes RB, Johnston ME. Effect of problem-based, self-directed undergraduate education on life-long learning. CMAJ. 1993;148: 969-76.

Nettath S. Problem based learning as an efficient teaching and learning method for small group teaching-its evaluation and medical student’s perception. IOSR J Dental and Medical Sciences. 2013;11(4):83-6.

Khoshnevisasi P, Sadeghzadeh M, Mazloomzadeh S, Feshareki RH, Ahmadiafshar A. Comparison of Problem-based Learning with Lecture-based Learning; Iran Red Crescent Med J: May 2014; 16(5):5186.

Qin Y, Wang Y, Floden RE. The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on Improvement of the Medical Educational Environment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: Med Pract. 2016;25(6):525-32.

Azri AH, Ratnapalan S. Problem-based learning in continuing medical education: review of randomized controlled trials: Can Fam Physician. 2014 Feb;60(2):157-65.

Khan H, Taqui AM, Khawaja MR, Fatmi Z. Problem-based versus conventional curricula: influence on knowledge and attitudes of medical students towards health research. PLoS One. 2007;2(7):5186.

Goodyear HM. Problem based learning in a junior doctor teaching programme. Arch Dis Child. 2005;90(3):275-8.

Dehkordi AH, Heydarnejad MS. The impact of problem-based learning and lecturing on the behavior and attitudes of Iranian nursing students. A randomised controlled trial. Dan Med Bull. 2008;55(4):224-6.

Zahid MA, Varghese R, Mohammed AM, Ayed AK. Comparison of the problem based learning-driven with the traditional didactic-lecture-based curricula:Int J Med Educ. 2016;7:181-7.

Indla R, Chinnathambi T, Roy R, Kuruvilla A. Introduction to concept of personal drugs, essential drug list and awareness of cost of drugs. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2014;3(4):696-700.