DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20160837

Substance abuse among male adolescents in northern India

Faizur Rahman, V.N. Tripathi

Abstract


Background: The rising burden of substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health challenge worldwide. The present study was undertaken to find out the prevalence of substance abuse among adolescents in Kanpur.

Methods: This community based, cross-sectional study was conducted in among 539 male adolescents in the age group 10-18 years using simple random sampling. A pre-tested and pre-designed schedule was used to collect the relevant information after taking informed consent. The data was analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: Substance abuse was found among 15.02% male adolescents. Smoking was prevalent among 10.95%, alcohol was used by 3.34% and other drugs were used by 0.75% male adolescents. There was an increase in prevalence of substance abuse with the increase in age.  

Conclusions: It is important to strengthen health education on substance abuse among the adolescents age group through mass media and school health programs.


Keywords


Substance abuse, Adolescents

Full Text:

PDF

References


Patil SN, Wasnik V, Wadke R. Health problems amongst adolescent girls in rural areas of Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, India. J Clin Diagnos Res. 2009;3:1784-90.

Singh A. Changing trends among adolescents in schools: lifestyle, career and happiness. Intern J Sci Res. 2014;3(1):375-80.

Makwana NR, Shah VR, Yadav S. A study on prevalence of smoking and tobacco chewing among adolescents in rural areas of Jamnagar district, Gujarat state. JMSR. 2007;1:47-50.

Arora M, Reddy KS. HRIDAY (Health Related Information Dissemination Amongst Youth), New Delhi and Department of Cardiology, all india institute of medical sciences and executive director- HRIDAY, New Delhi, India. Global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)-Delhi, India; Indian paediatrics. 2005;42:850.

Madan Kumar PD, Poorni S, Ramachandran S. Tobacco use among school children in Chennai city, Indian J Cancer. 2006;43:127-13.

Banerjee A. Coronary heart disease: awareness of risk factors and lifestyle among school-going adolescents. Indian J Med Sci. 2007;61(8):474-6.

Ahmad A, Khalique N, Khan Z. Analysis of substance abuse in male adolescents. Iran J Pediatr. 2009;19:399-403.

Johnston LD, O'Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE. Monitoring the future national results on adolescent drug use: overview of key findings, 2012. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, 2013:83.

Singh AK, Maheshwari A, Sharma N, Anand K. Lifestyle associated risk factors in adolescents. Indian J Pediatr. 2006;73(10):901-6.

Saxena V, Saxena Y, Kishore G, Kumar P. A study on substance abuse among school going male adolescents of Doiwala Block, District Dehradun. Indian J Pub Health. 2010;54:197-200.