DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20195747

Clinical study of cutaneous infections in children

Manikandan Natarajan Chandrasekaran, Vairaprabha Devi Mariappan

Abstract


Background: Dermatological ailments contribute to one third of outpatient visits in paediatric clinics. Among these, cutaneous infections are found to be the commonest as per various studies. This study was conducted to find out the commonest cutaneous infections in children. Aim was to find out the prevalence of various cutaneous infections in children.

Methods: In this study 200 children aged between 1- and 12-years attending outpatient clinic with signs and symptoms suggestive of cutaneous infection were included in the study. History, physical examination and appropriate tests were done to arrive at the diagnosis.

Results: Here, 133 children were male and 67 were female. Viral infections were found to be the commonest cutaneous infections and were found in 85 children followed by bacterial infections in 52, fungal infections in 42 and infestations in 21. The presence of high humidity and hot climate in our coastal city along with the prevalent clothing pattern, overcrowding and socio economic factors play a significant role in the type of cutaneous paediatric infection found in that geographical area.

Conclusions: Proper hygiene, education and clothing along with avoidance of overcrowding and early medical attention will help to prevent peadiatric cutaneous infections.


Keywords


Cutaneous, Infections, Infestations, Paediatric

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