DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20200127

A rare case of ischaemic stroke following cervical spine manipulation in an adolescent girl

Ashitha Judith Paul, Radha Kumar

Abstract


Stroke in children is associated with a multitude of risk factors compared to risk factors of adult stroke such as hypertension, diabetes or atherosclerosis. A 15-year adolescent girl presented with acute onset weakness involving right upper and lower limb. She complained of neck pain and fever 2 days before the onset of hemiparesis for which her parents took her to traditional healer who performed neck manipulation after which she developed vomiting, tingling numbness and weakness of right upper and lower limb. There was no history of preceding headache, ear discharge or any other contributory history. Clinical examination revealed Glasgow Come Scale 12/15, power of grade 2/5 in right upper limb and 3/5 in right lower limb, exaggerated deep reflexes, extensor plantar reflex, right sided ptosis and right sided upper motor neuron facial palsy. CT scan brain showed right cerebellar and occipital infarct with posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory involvement. MRI Brain and MR Angiogram showed wedge shaped infarct involving right posterior inferior cerebellum, inferior vermis, ventral aspect of superior medulla, paracentral pons, right cerebral peduncle, tectum of both halves of midbrain with no internal hemorrhage and no vessel abnormality and right vertebral artery was not visualized. Her coagulation profile and cardiac work up were normal. She was treated with antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants and physiotherapy following which the child gradually improved over a period of one month. In this case, with a positive history of neck manipulation authors can conclude that the etiology of young stroke wasinduced byneck manipulation. This case has been reported to increase awareness about the ill effects of neck manipulation and counsel parents against performing such procedures for children. Early recognition of pediatric stroke is critical for immediate diagnosis, imaging and treatment with better outcomes.


Keywords


Anticoagulants, Chiropractor, Hemiparesis, Ischemic stroke, Neck manipulation, Physiotherapy

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References


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