DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20200855

The influence of family history of cardiovascular disease on blood pressure, waist hip ratio and body mass index in adolescents

Utkarsh Bansal, Aakash Raja, Prashant Agarwal, Ekansh Rathoria, Abhishek Gupta, Nyay Bhai Gupta, Shwinka Agarwal

Abstract


Background: Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are the major cause of mortality in the world. Reducing the incidence of CVDs has been a challenge due to the multifactorial risk profile of their origin. Among the non-modifiable risk factor for CVDs family history holds a lot of importance. Objective of the study was to study blood pressure, waist hip ratio and body mass index among adolescents and verify the possible the relation with a family history of cardiovascular disease.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, which was conducted in 286 school children aged 10 to 19 years, of either sex, from Barabanki. After getting consent from school authorities, children and their parents, a detailed history was taken with a pre-designed proforma. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were taken.

Results: In the presence of any risk factor of CVDs, 33.9% of the adolescents were overweight/obese, 45.8% had abdominal obesity, 26.3% had elevated systolic BP and 35.6% had elevated diastolic BP. The group with family history of CVDs had significantly higher number of adolescents with obesity and/or hypertension.

Conclusions: The present studied showed an important association between family history of CVDs and blood pressure, waist hip ratio and body mass index in adolescents.


Keywords


Blood pressure, Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular disease, Waist hip ratio

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References


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