DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20200994

Knowledge, attitude and practices among parents of asthmatic children in Rajasthan: a hospital based descriptive observational study

Prerna Vaishnav, Gaurav Ameta

Abstract


Background: Asthma is chronic inflammatory disorder associated with variable airflow obstruction and bronchial hyper responsiveness with different phenotypes. The objective of this study was to study the knowledge, attitude and practices among parents of Asthmatic children.

Methods: It was a prospective observational study, conducted at Fortis Hospital Jaipur, from April 2016 to March 2018. All Asthmatic children fulfilling inclusion were included, 120 children were studied. A detailed interview of all the children/parents was conducted by pre-validated KAP questionnaire. Subjects were labelled as Bronchial Asthma in children above 5 years of age on the basis of symptoms and measurement of Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) both baseline and post bronchodilator by PEF meter and in children less than 5 years of age by clinical symptoms, family history and response to bronchodilator according to GINA guidelines. Statistical analysis was done by one-way ANOVA test and Chi-square test.

Results: In this study 26.4% parents were ignorant about etiology, 32% believed it to be allergy and 39.62% believed it to be hereditary. 1.9% had misconception of contagious. 68% parents know that their child have asthma while 32% parents did not know. Majority (52.1%) attributed it to cold air and rainy season followed by Dust mite and pollution in (42%).

Conclusions: Knowledge about Asthma has improved over last few decades but still needs replenishment. Knowledge gap between recommended and actual practices, lack of adherence to aerosol therapy and fear of medication side-effects still persists. Parental education is important part of management of Asthma.


Keywords


Bronchial asthma, Peak expiratory flow

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References


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