DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20202579

Nutrition status and outcome in children with acute pancreatitis

Laxmi K. Bharti, Jai Kishun, Basant Kumar

Abstract


Background: AP (Acute Pancreatitis) in children is being more and more diagnosed across the world and developing nation like India. This may be because of multiple factors like better health sector developments, change in dietary and social lifestyle changes due to fast improving economy. There are lots of unknown factors also leading to increase in incidence of AP in children in developing nations like India.

Methods: Five-year retrospective data of AP patients admitted Paediatric Gastroenterology department extracted. Data of 63 children collected in five years from 2012 to 2016. Anthropometric data, feeding details, liver function test (LFT) data recorded. Anthropometric data analysed with IAP growth charts. Data entered in excel sheet of window 10. Appropriate statistical data used for analysis of variables.

Results: Majority of children of AP were 11-15 years age group. In 63 patients, 28 (44.4%) were undernourished, 23 (36.5%) having normal BMI, 9 (14.3%) were overweight and 3 (4.8%) were obese. Nasojejunal feeding was associated mostly in patients with severe AP. LFT were deranged mostly in cases of severe AP.

Conclusions: Overweight, obese and also undernourished children were having more severe AP. Children on nasojejunal feeding (NJ) were mostly having severe AP.


Keywords


Acute pancreatitis, Body mass index, Children, Nasojejunal, Nutrition

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