DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20203648

A study of febrile convulsions with a bacteremia incidence in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Andhra Pradesh

Shaik Ateal Saheb

Abstract


Background: A febrile convulsion is linked with high temperature but without significant underlying health issues. These occur most often in children aged six months to five years. Most of the convulsions last less than five minutes, and within an hour of the occurrence, the child is entirely back to normal.

Methods: Sixty children aged 3 months to 5 years admitted to the emergency pediatric ward with a history of convulsion fever with convulsions, in Narayana Medical College and Hospital were taken up for the study with clinical history, clinical examination, laboratory Investigations.

Results: Among 60 children in the study group, 15 (25%) of them were aged between 3 months to 12 months, 21 (35%) of them were between 13 months to 24 months. Gender 36 (60%) are male children. 24 (40%) are female children. Family history of convulsions was positive in 18 (30%) of the 60 (100%) cases, and 7 had family history of epilepsy. 42 (70%) are negative. Most of the cases (85%) showed no growth in blood culture.

Conclusions: Blood culture should be performed in all children by febrile convulsions, especially those under the stage of two years. Streptococcus pneumonia was the organism isolated from respiratory tract infection in a child with febrile convulsion with significant bacteremia. The symptoms that present can be as harmless as rhinorrhea or cough. Children with a positive family history of afebrile convulsion should be closely monitored and test, as they can develop epilepsy later.


Keywords


Bacteremia, Convulsions, Epilepsy, Febrile convulsions, Incidence, Seizures

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