Retinopathy of prematurity- clinical profile on incidence, risk factors and outcome

Purva Shah, Ketan Gadhvi, Bharat Muliya


Background: Retinopathy of prematurity is one of the important causes of preventable blindness in the world. Thereby timely screening, diagnosis and hence treatment is of utmost importance.

Methods: This study was done in the neonatal intensive care unit of tertiary hospital, Surendranagar. Study design being observational, data collected from clinical examination and records of the preterm babies <34 weeks and low birth weight babies <1.5 kg and further screened them for retinopathy of prematurity. The incidence of ROP in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), risk factors which predispose to ROP (Retinopathy of prematurity) and outcome of these cases were analysed.

Results: As per this study, ROP was found to be more common in <30 weeks gestation and<1 kg neonate, and found to be associated with oxygen exposure, blood product use, antenatal steroids and surfactant.

Conclusions: The analysis of the incidence and risk factors, will henceforth help in identifying and acting on time, thereby improving overall outcome of the preterm and low birth weight new-borns.


Dexamethasone, Low birth weight, Oxygen, Preterm, Retinopathy of prematurity, Respiratory distress syndrome, Surfactant

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