DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20210651

Study of screen-time and sleep in children aged 3-15 years in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Prahlad Kadambi, L Sushanth Prabhath Reddy, S. Mohammed Aashiq, Suresh P.

Abstract


Background: Sleep plays a vital role in good health, growth and well-being. Sleep disorders manifest with disturbance in both quantity and quality of sleep. The current generation of children is growing up surrounded by a world of electronic media through the smartphones and tablets of their parents. Previous studies have shown that sleep disorders are increasing in pediatric age group. This study aimed to assess screen-time, quality and quantity of sleep in children aged 3-15 years.

Methods: Total 104 children were recruited for our cross-sectional study from Meenakshi Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Kanchipuram. After obtaining consent, Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) was administered after collecting clinical history. Anthropometry and clinical examination was performed.

Results: Total 8 out of 104 children (7.69%) in the study had poor quality sleep (PSQ Score≥5). 48 out of 104 children (46.1%) had deficient quantity of sleep as per American Academy for Sleep Medicine (AASM) recommendations. Children born with low birth weight had comparatively poorer quality of sleep (r=0.331 p=0.015). All 104 children had spent more screen time than permitted for their age.

Conclusions: Quality and quantity of sleep were affected in children aged 3-15 years. This may be attributed to increased screen time but needs to be confirmed in larger studies.  

 


Keywords


Sleep quantity, Sleep quality, Children

Full Text:

PDF

References


Paruthi S, Brooks LJ, D'Ambrosio C, Hall WA, Kotagal S, Lloyd RM, et al. Recommended amount of sleep for pediatric populations: a consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. J Clin Sleep Med. 2016;12(6):785–6.

Hirshkowitz, Max H, Albert K, Alessi S, Bruni C, Doncarlos O, et al. National Sleep Foundation's sleep time duration recommendations: Methodology and results summary. Sleep Heal. 2015;1:40-3.

Tremblay, Carson M, Chaput V, Gorber J, Dinh S, Duggan T, Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth: An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep 1. Appl Physiol Nutrit Metabol. 2016;41:S311-27.

Chaput, Dutil JP, Kanyinga CS, Hugues. Sleeping hours: What is the ideal number and how does age impact this?. Nature and Science of Sleep. 2018;10: 421-30.

Miano, Adrados SP, Maria. Pediatric insomnia: Clinical, diagnosis, and treatment. Revista de neurologia. 2014;58:35-42.

Lumeng, Chervin J, Ronald. Epidemiology of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society. 2008;5:242-52.

Viorritto, Kureshi E, Owens S, Judith. Narcolepsy in the Pediatric Population. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2012;12:175-81.

Ponti M, Belanger S, Grimes R, Heard J, Johnson M, Moreau E, et al. The screen time and young children: promote health and development in a numerical world. Paediat Child Heal. 2017;22(8):469-77.

Guidelines on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep for Children under 5 Years of Age. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019, Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/ NBK541170. Accessed on 20 June 2020.

Chervin RD, Hedger K, Dillon JE, Pituch KJ. Pediatric sleep questionnaire (PSQ): validity and reliability of scales for sleep-disordered breathing, snoring, sleepiness, and behavioral problems. Sleep Medic. 2000;1(1):21-32.

Tharakan RM, Shenoy KV. A study on sleep patterns and sleep problems in children aged 6 to 15 years as perceived by their parents. Int J Contempor Pediat. 2019;6(2):611.

Bharti B, Malhi P, Kashyap S. Patterns and problems of sleep in school going children. Ind Pediat. 2006;43(1):35.

Jalilolghadr S, Pakpour HA, Heidaralifard M, Pakzad R. Evaluation of sleep habits and sleep patterns among 7-12-year-old students in Qazvin, Iran; A school-based cross-sectional study. J Comprehens Pediat. 2018.

https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/news-features-and-safety-tips/Pages/Children-and-Media-Tips.aspx#:~:text=Avoid%20digital%20media%20for%20toddlers,day%20of%20high%2Dquality%20programming- Accessed 14 July 2020.