Febrile convulsions in preschool children Kashmir India

Suhail Ahmad Naik, Muzafar Ahmad Jan, Wasim A. Rafiq, Syed Tariq Ahmad, Mudasir Maqbool


Background: Febrile convulsions are the most common cause of convulsions in children under five years of age. Objective of current study was to know the incidence, age and sex distribution of febrile convulsions in preschool children Kashmir India.  

Methods: A prospective hospital based study, carried out in the Department of Pediatrics, G.B. Pant Hospital, Government Medical College and Research Institute, Srinagar India from 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010. All the hospitalized sick children who had febrile convulsions in the age group 1 month to 6 years of the age between 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010. All children with febrile convulsions in the age group 1 month to 6 years were enrolled in this study. Variables recorded were demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory tests, and diagnosis and hospital course.  

Results: A total of 897 children in the age group 1 month to 6 years were admitted for recent seizures. Among these patients 545 (60.7%) had febrile convulsions. Among Febrile convulsions, 379 had typical febrile convulsion and 166 atypical febrile convulsions. Febrile convulsions were more common in males (308) than females (237). Febrile convulsions were more common in first three years of life.  

Conclusions: Febrile convulsions were the commonest cause of convulsions in children under five years of age and majority of them occurred in first two years of life. Typical febrile convulsion were common than atypical febrile convulsions. 


Febrile convulsions, Typical febrile convulsions, Atypical febrile convulsions, Kashmir India

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